1960

LISP makes its debut as the first computer language designed for writing artificial intelligence programs.

1962

Teletype Model 33

Teletype Model 33

Teletype ships its Model 33 keyboard and punched tape terminal, used for input and output on many early microcomputers.

Spacewar game

Spacewar game

MIT students Slug Russell, Shag Graetz, and Alan Kotok write Spacewar, considered the first interactive computer game.

Sketchpad

Sketchpad

Ivan Sutherland, for his MIT doctoral thesis, creates and demonstrates a graphic system called Sketchpad. It’s the first program to use windows, icons, and a light pen, allowing easy manipulation of graphics and text onscreen.

1963

The CDC 3600 computer

The CDC 3600 computer

The CDC (Control Data Corporation) 3600 was the first computer at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado, USA. It had 32,700 48-bit words of memory and used a FORTRAN compiler (an early computer programming language that consisted of holes punched into card).

The mouse

The mouse

Douglas Engelbart receives a patent on the mouse pointing device for computers. The mouse is a block of wood with a single button.

ASCII

ASCII

Finalization of the ASCII code (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) that enables machines from different manufacturers to exchange data.

1964

IBM System 360

IBM announces System 360, a family of computers that can be used for science and business and share the same software, printer, and tape drives.

The touchtone phone

The touchtone phone

Touchtone phone is introduced.

Gordon Moore

Gordon Moore

Intel founder Gordon Moore suggests that integrated circuits would double in complexity every year. This later becomes known as Moore’s law.

BASIC

BASIC

John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop the BASIC programming language at the Dartmouth College. BASIC is an acronym for Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.

1965

The PDP-8

The PDP-8

Digital Equipment Company’s first successful minicomputer, the PDP-8. At $18,000, soon 50,000 are sold.

1968

The Rand tablet

The Rand tablet

Rand Laboratories develops the Rand Tablet, which would translate handwriting into typed text.

The mother of all demos

Douglas Englebart of the Pentagon’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) demonstrates a new way of interacting with a computer using a keyboard, mouse, and a graphic rather than a text-based interface. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M5PgQS3ZBWA

Intel

Intel

Intel Corporation is founded in Santa Clara, CA, by Fairchild veterans Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore. Andy Groove leaves Fairchild to become Intel’s employee.

1969

Barcode scanner

Barcode scanner

Barcode scanner is invented.

Intel 3101

Intel 3101

The first solid state memory chip. Intel’s first product, this is a 64-bit SRAM (Static Random Access Memory). It applied the newly developed Schottky Bipolar technology, which made it twice as fast as earlier implementations.

The RS232-C standard

The RS232-C standard

The RS232-C standard for communication permits computers and peripheral devices to transmit information serially that is, one bit a time.

The Intel 1101

Intel introduces the 1101 chip, a 256 SRAM (Static Random Access Memory) programmable memory. The 1101 was developed in parallel with the 3101, but lost the race to be Intel’s first product. It was produced with Silicon gate MOS (Metal Oxide Semiconductor) technology, which gave Intel the edge it needed to produce high density memories. This was the world’s first high-volume MOS semiconductor memory, and the first use of MOS silicone gate technology.

AMD

AMD

Advanced Micro Devices Incorporated is founded.